5th Grade: Ten Things Your Child Should Know
Your child may be asked to estimate the conversion of one number expressed in a particular unit of measurement to another unit of measurement. For example, an inch is about 2.5 centimeters. So an object that is 2 inches long is about 5 centimeters long. Being able to convert units of measurement is obviously not just important for math, but is also important for other subjects as well, such as science.
Your child may also learn about other mathematical concepts, such as what prime and composite numbers are, how to find least common multiples, how to find greatest common factors, and how to determine the probability of an event using a ratio.
Your child will also classify polygons. Polygons are closed figures formed by three or more line segments. A triangle is a polygon with three sides and angles, a quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides and angles, a pentagon is a polygon with five sides and angles, a hexagon is a polygon with six sides and angles, etc.
Don’t panic if you aren’t able to understand all of these concepts right away when your child brings them home. Take your child’s book and read it yourself. Check your understanding of the concepts by doing a few practice problems and checking the answers in the back of the book. Try to learn as your child learns so that you can help him or her. If you know these concepts are coming ahead of time, you can get a simple book on math or just read ahead in your child’s math book so that you can be prepared when the time comes. When all else fails, you can simply make sure your child has a basic understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts like adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing by checking your child’s work at home and doing real-life problems with him or her.
- My child can divide by two-digit numbers when completing mathematical problems by hand (without a calculator). For example, 967 ÷ 38 = 25.45.
- When solving division problems, my child can express remainders in the form of whole numbers, decimals, or fractions, as instructed.
- My child can round decimals to the nearest tenth and to the nearest hundredth. For example, 10.8279 rounded to the nearest tenth is 10.8 and rounded to the nearest hundredth is 10.83.
Your child will be asked to interpret metaphors and similes as they appear in literature. Thus being able to use analytical abilities to explain the meaning behind literary compositions will be a skill your fifth grader starts to develop. Poetry, classic forms of literature, modern literature, reference items, Internet articles, etc. will all be the kinds of reading material your child will be asked to interpret and comprehend.
By this stage, children should be able to follow multi-step instructions that direct them to perform a task, conduct an experiment, or complete an assignment. They should also be able to pull out key facts from a given text and summarize the main points of passages. All of these skills will be important to them as they perform everyday assignments in school and study at night for various subjects.
The chapters in this book are:
Ch. 1: Why I Decided to Write This Book
Ch. 2: Fifth Grade
Ch. 3: Fifth-Grade Math
Ch. 4: Fifth-Grade Mathematical Skills
Ch. 5: Mathematical Activities
Ch. 6: Reading and Writing in Fifth Grade
Ch. 7: Fifth-Grade Reading and Writing Skills
Ch. 8: Reading and Writing Activities
Ch. 9: Parent/Teacher Conferences
Ch. 10: Education Success Stories: James Weldon Johnson