The Languages of the Web

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HTML- Under the Hood

Danita Smith

Everything you see on a webpage is obviously the result of programming and it might be surprising to you to know that only a few languages dominate much of what you see on a website.  Although there are many languages that go into supporting a website, HTML, CSS and JavaScript are seen as workhorses in terms of front-end development.

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and it gives web developers the ability to style a website.  Developers can control colors, fonts, size, position, and just about everything else, as it relates to design, through CSS.

JavaScript is a language that allows a web developer to add functionality to elements on a webpage.  If you click a button or drag an item on a website, JavaScript can be used to make sure that a response is generated as a result of that action.

But the backbone of a webpage is HTML.  HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and it is used to organize the content of a website.

Headers, links, paragraphs, images, videos, etc. can ALL be added to a website through HTML.

If fact that’s what your browser does (Safari, Chrome, etc.)—it uses the information provided to it through these languages (and others) to display the information you see on a webpage.

You can even see what the code looks like for ANY webpage.  Simply go to that webpage.  Then use your mouse to right click somewhere on the page (or on an item on the page) and select, “Inspect Element.”  You can see, right there, what the developers used to style that page and to create its content and structure.

Take a look at the video below to see a brief demonstration.  I think it is important for us to begin to pull back the curtain on technology issues, so that our children can see that these things are not mysteries, but are well within their reach.

How to open up developer tools in your browser.

© 2017 Danita Smith, Red and Black Ink, LLC

Teach Your Kid at Home: Fractions

(Digitally delivered immediately to your email)  

Children may begin to learn about fractions in the 3rd grade.  They then go on to learn much more through 6th grade.  It is important for a child to gain a good grasp of this area of mathematics because he or she will have to perform mathematical operations related to fractions throughout high school and college.

In this ebook we review:

  • addition and subtraction of fractions with like denominators
  • improper and proper fractions
  • mixed numbers
  • multiplication and division of fractions
  • addition and subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators 

This pdf is available exclusively on our website.

Danita Smith